Patriotic saint Swami Vivekanand
Er. rajesh pathak
In history in whatever country in the world missionaries went to spread Christianity and, as also, to pave the way for their ruling overlords at home intending to lay control over its[foreign land] power and its resources for that they[missionaries] and a section of scholars inspired by them invented a theory which world knows as ‘ Whiteman’s burden theory’. They included India also in this ‘mission’ of their, and indulged in establishing in the eyes of world that this country is half-civilised, a country of snake charmers; its scriptures are nothing but a bundle of unfounded rituals and of falsehood; and, as also, how many be its religious heads they all are many miles away from what is called wisdom. And therefore, they preached, God laid responsibility upon them to make it civilised, to redeem it from this state of self-ignorance. But fortunately at the same time there grew the trend among a section of scholars and philosophers of Europe and America to study Hinduism with fair mind. From the conclusions drawn from the study a process of exposing the falsehood of missionaries began to take shape. See, – ‘Vedas reveal every aspect of human-life such as- culture, religion, moral-code, surgery, medicines, music, astronomy, environment and architect etc.’-Sir William Jones. Similar views were held by the great thinkers like Arthur Shopenhower, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Wilhelm Von Humboldt and such others. But since their voices did not come out from particular platform at particular event of recognition they could not become the news of the world.
To India this opportunity came at that time on 11th Sept, 1893 when Chicago held World Religious Parliament, in which came together the greatest of proponents of different religions world over in order to present the tenets of their respective religions. This event proved to be one of transforming the views regarding India, its antiquity, its ancestors, its religion in the eyes of the people inside, as well as, outside the country. By joining the event one that succeeded in doing all by alone this seemingly impossible task then he was none other than Swami Vivekanand. In participating in the Religious-Parliament Vivekanand saw many missions to be fulfilled at one place at one time. Actually this was the time when having studied in Church sponsored mission school and colleges Indian youths began to feel low about everything concerning ‘self’. In the words of Swami Vivekanand- “When child is sent to school the first thing he learns that his father is fool; second, his grandfather crazy; third, his all religious masters fraud, and fourth that all of his scriptures are false and useless.” These were the youths who were not ready to accept anything unless it came out of the mouths of Englishmen. And, most of all, no matter the declared purpose of the event at Chicago had been of bringing harmony among different religious faiths but Christian church was looking this as an opportunity when once knowing the tenets of Christianity the followers of all the faiths would admit the supremacy of it[Christianity] and grow excited to come under it. For they were of belief that it was only due to their ignorance of Christianity that the people of the world forgetfully embraced to their chests their respective faiths.
Against this backdrop when Swamiji attained the Religious-Parliament he had to wait to the last to deliver his speech.But when he began to speak then before the splendor of his discourse composed of all-inclisive Hindu philosophy none could save from its spell. Then 10-12 speeches that he gave in later days they were kept at last only so that the audiences could be made to stay in the auditorium till the end of the programme to hear them. Seeing this many the newspapers then filled with his praise. The New York Herald wrote- “In Religious Parliament the greatest personality is Vivekanand. After hearing his discourse all of a sudden a question raises how foolish is the idea to send religious missionaries to reform such country of wisdom.” World that had got to be habitual of seeing bloodshed in the name of crusade and Jihad to that the discourse of Vivekanand composed of Gita’s philosophy of religious co-existence and mutual harmony were beyond imagination- ” Whoever comes to me- no matter from which of the ways- I get to meet him.” Explaining this message of Gita when Vivekanand told that Hindus not only believe in tolerance but hold every religion true then for the audiences this was something that came to them from alien world.
Vivekanand went only to attend Religious Parliament but the response that he received there made him change his plan of returning India soon. In the words of Rashtrkavi Ramdhari Singh Dinkar-“Enthused with Religious-Parliament, Swamiji stayed for three years in Europe and England, and living there spread the essence of Hinduism all over Europe and America. It was difficult to convince Hindu intellectuals who were deluded with learning English, but when they saw the men and women of Europe and America themselves being turned the disciples of Swamiji and got to engage in the service of Hindutva, their minds set right. Thus, the storm in the form of English language, Christianity and Europen intellectualism that brewed up to swallow Hindutva that went back colliding with Himalaya-like gigantic tree of Vivekanand.”