The Bold Voice of J&K

Natural & deep effects of grief, physically and mentally

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Dr. Raj Kumar Singh

In psychology, grief is understood as a normal and natural response to loss. It is a process that individuals go through as they adjust to and come to terms with the loss of someone or something significant. The concept of grief was first studied and described by psychiatrist Elisabeth Kubler-Ross in her 1969 book “On Death and Dying,” in which she proposed the five stages of grief: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. These stages are not linear and may not be experienced in the same order or by all individuals. Some people may not experience all of the stages, and some may experience them for longer periods of time. Additionally, grief can be complicated by other factors such as the type of loss and the individual’s relationship to the person or thing that was lost. It can also manifest in different ways, including emotional, physical, behavioural, and cognitive changes. Emotionally, grief can include feelings of sadness, anger, guilt, and despair. Physically, it can include fatigue, changes in appetite, and difficulty sleeping. Behaviourally, it can include withdrawing from social activities and isolating oneself. Cognitively, it can include difficulty concentrating and making decisions. In general, it can be classified into two types: normal grief and complicated grief. Normal grief is a natural response to loss and is expected to decrease over time. Complicated grief, on the other hand, is characterized by intense, persistent grief, difficulty in accepting the loss and moving on, and problems functioning in daily life. At the juncture it’s important to seek out help if we feel overwhelmed by our grief. This can include talking to a therapist, joining a support group, or talking to a trusted friend or family member. It’s also important to take care of ourselves during this time, by practicing self-care, getting enough sleep, and eating well. Grief is a natural response to loss. It can be caused by the death of a loved one, the end of a relationship, or other significant life changes. The grieving process is unique to each individual and can take months or even years to fully work through. Grief can have a significant impact on physical health. The emotional stress of losing a loved one or experiencing a significant life change can lead to physical symptoms such as headaches, fatigue, changes in appetite, and difficulty in sleeping. It can also disrupt the body’s immune system and increase the risk of illnesses such as colds and flu. Research has also shown that grief can increase the risk of heart disease. The emotional stress of loss can lead to the release of stress hormones, which can increase the heart rate and blood pressure. Over time, this can cause damage to the heart and blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart disease. Grief can also have an impact on mental health, increasing the risk of depression and anxiety. The feelings of sadness, anger, guilt, and despair that often accompany grief can be overwhelming and lead to problems functioning in daily life.It’s important to take care of ourselves during this time, by practicing self-care, getting enough sleep, and eating well. This can include talking to a therapist, joining a support group, or talking to a trusted friend or family member.
Grief can have a significant impact on mental health. Losing a loved one or experiencing a significant life change can be overwhelming and lead to a range of emotional and psychological symptoms. As a result, it can lead to feelings of sadness, anger, guilt, and despair that can be difficult to cope with which increases the risk of depression and anxiety. The intense and prolonged feelings of sadness and despair that often accompany grief can make it difficult to function in daily life and can interfere with a person’s ability to engage in activities that were once enjoyable. Grief can also lead to feelings of isolation and loneliness. People who are grieving may withdraw from social activities and find it difficult to connect with others. This can increase feelings of sadness and despair and make it more difficult to cope with the loss. It’s important to seek out help if we feel overwhelmed by our grief. This can include talking to a therapist, joining a support group, or talking to a trusted friend or family member. A therapist can help you work through the emotional and psychological aspects of grief and develop coping strategies to help we manage our feelings and move forward. Support groups can provide a safe and supportive environment where we can talk to others who have experienced similar losses and gain a sense of understanding and validation. It’s also important to take care of ourselves during this time, by practicing self-care, getting enough sleep, and eating well. Taking care of your physical health can help improve your mental well-being. It’s also important to note that grief can manifest differently in different individuals and may require professional help in order to cope with it.
Research on grief has provided insight into the nature of grief and the factors that can influence the grieving process. One important finding is that grief is a unique and personal experience, and that individuals may grieve differently based on their own personal characteristics and the nature of the loss.Another important finding is that grief can have a significant impact on both physical and mental health..Research has also shown that social support can play a significant role in the grieving process. Having a strong support system can help individuals cope with their grief and can lead to better outcomes. Additionally, research indicates that there are different types of grief, such as normal grief, complicated grief, and prolonged grief disorder. Normal grief is a natural response to loss and is expected to decrease over time. Complicated grief, on the other hand, is characterized by intense, persistent grief, difficulty accepting the loss and moving on, and problems functioning in daily life. Prolonged grief disorder is characterized by persistent grief that last for over 12 months, and is often treated with therapy and medication. Overall, research on grief highlights the complexity of the grieving process and the importance of seeking help when needed. It also emphasizes the importance of self-care, seeking social support and understanding the different types of grief to know how to best cope with them.
(The author is a Youth Motivator,
working as Professor of Political Science and Dean of Social Sciences along with Dean, Student’s Welfare (DSW), at BN Mandal University, Madhepura).

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