J&K, the biomass state of India
G. L Khajuria
In a way, the trade and economy in the Valley is almost dependent exclusively on biological raw material directly or indirectly whose optimum source is from biomass ensuing from biodiversity in all its forms and ramification. And this calls for boosting and invigoration in a bigger way to ensure and enhance state’s economy for which it is the richest treasure trove throughout India and the best services of the idling youth can be taken use of who are wrongfully channellingtheir energies.
Tourism industry is predominantly the traditional mainstay of economy of the State which doubtlessly enjoys its unique placement. There is no dearth of beautiful spots in Jammu and Kashmir which are no way inferior to any other place in the entire Himalayan region. Ranging from lower start to the higher echelons, all the spots are attracting, charming and mesmerising as, when and where we talk of beauty, tourism (eco-tourism, temple Tourism ) so on and so fourth.
In so far as Jammu region is concerned, right from lakhanpur (gate way to J and K)) we find magnificent spots as those of Bani ,Basohili, Billawer (Sukrala Mata, Shiva’s Temple ) Udhampur ( Devakar, Krimchi temples, Shankri Derta, Moungri cave) Cheneni, Sudhmahadev (Lord Shiva’s historic temple) Mantalai to the extent of Dudu Basantgarah- all the spots are dotted with scared spots of sanctimonious importance where the tourists/Pilgrims throng in multihued mumbers pay obeisance for blessings. The twin lakes Sruisar-Mansar are the enchanting water bodies with emerald waters flanged and fringed all around with beautiful pines and other lush green vibrant broad leaved forests intermingled with a varied variety of herbs, shrubs and micro-macro ground flora. These forest are as well associated with Kaleidoscopic wildlife including winged visitors who roamed about freely in the natural eco system.
Jammu itself is a City of Temples and does’nt demand elaboration. And when one ascends up towards Patnitiop, there seems a wider spectrum of colourful and lush green vibrant forest of pines and with altitudinal variation till one reaches Sanasar,Nathatop. All these spots have their own picturesque enchanting and enthralling beauty resembling that of Gulmarg and Pehalgamof vale of Kashmir. Apart from that, these spots are the abode of spirituality of Nag Rajas who are most reverentially revered by all and one.
Lastly, it would be incomplete and inappropriate without making mention of the most prominent dimension of the medicinal and aromatic plants which do deserve conservation, promotion and propagation. Many of such plants are growing in wild viz. Picorhhiza, Kurra (Kour) a perennial herb useful for liver ailments, Valerianawallichina (Mushakbala) prominently used in perfumercy, withaniazomniferafinds its usefulness in rejuvenatetherapy, excessive emancipation and heart ailments, Taxusbacata, Macrotoniabenthom, crysanthimum, Acacias Achyranthies, Adhatoda, Alovevera , Rauwalfaserpelina (cobra plant), Datwea, viola, Digitalis, Aeglemarmelos (wood apple ), Arthimisias, cotonesters, Flacourtiaromanshhi, indigoferoas which are widly sprawling over forests which dafacto, form a part and parcel our rich biodiversity and directly or indirectly constitute an important component of our state’s biomass.
Observation and preservation of biodiversity of our state would actually ensure perpetual availability of the biomass which in turn would ensure the livelihood of the local inhabitants apart from boosting their economic status in a variety of ways. And this initiative if taken effectively by all the states will go a long way in improving the economy of the country in a bigger way. And in strategising productivity, the best way would be to harvest and utilise for economic purpose only the annual increment or field of this biological capital.
People orientation cum participation and biomass based micro and macro/mega enterprise is the perfect and right answer for the development of state in the anticipative perspective. Given the inherent creative and artistic abilities of the people , particularly of those in the surrounding areas of the biodiversity sprawling zone and its local populace can be very conveniently moulded into uniquely beautiful goods.
Modern fields of science , information and technology should warranted gearing up for augmentation and ensuring economic and the ecological security of the State and all what is and innovative and creative thinking with a desired spectrum for long -term sustainability
Hopefully, of course, beyond all ambiguities the follow up on lines will go a long way in promoting and propagating states’s arts, craft , tourism and other all multihued innovative fields of activities by all and sundry, particularly amongst those who are the of-shooting younger generation should endow channelize their acumen in the right track in making the state socially. These lines economically strongerthroughoutIndia. And alongside our rich varied biodiversity and its vital component biomass shall ever and ever flourish for the better and economic growth of the state in particular and county at large.
Therefore the writer arrives at the conclusion that the subject matter, J and K: the biomass state of India is though indeed an interesting one where we do definitely feel that World Wildlife Fund (WWF) India we hope that the document is of paramount important insofaras the hilly state as that of Jammu and Kashmir is concerned where there is unlimited scope of planning of biodiversity of the State.
The State unambiguously is the richest source of vide, varied biodiversity which calls for its augmentation, preservation and promotion for improving infrastructure for the economy of the state in particular and the county as a whole as also emphasised earlier in the body of this article .
We as a State or nation doing our every bit the very important issues than what hinders us to hem in on this most vulnerable issues of biodiversity for which the Govt. of India as well as the stategovernment.
In the ultimate analysis, the last hopes now rests with our Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti, the most dynamic and visionary in picking up the thread and ensure its augmentation and promotion in the best of her wisdom and farsightedness for the State as a whole .