Given Afghanistan’s history of conflicts and the looming threat of Islamic State terrorists it provides futile ground for the new extremist groups for spreading its wings. In this context the attack on Afghanistan Parliament leaving over a dozen dead shows the spreading and revival of Taliban influence in the region. Recently Afghanistan saw intense fighting between the insurgents and Govt forces. Taliban have already captured northern region’s two districts in Kunduz Province. The attack comes at a time when US and NATO forces are scaling down their operations and presence leaving Afghan forces to face militant fires. The operations have been reduced to supportive in nature to Afghan forces to bring back the war-torn economy. The prevailing political instability with delayed Parliamentary elections too have added to the situation. Even extending a hand to Pakistan for a political adjustment and peace talks with Taliban seems to have failed to bring the expected results. The vacuum it leaves behind after moving out of Afghanistan would never be good for the continent, middle east, Pakistan and Afghanistan where terrorism has grown out of proportion and targeting India directly. The vacillating American stand has further added to the confusion. These developments have their ramification in India too as it is involved in a big way in rebuilding the economy. With spreading of IS militants there is a need to strengthen vigil especially all along the borders of Jammu and Kashmir to stop infiltration from Pakistan. Fearing India’s presence in the neighbourhood as a neutralising factor Pakistan finds tough after United State too changed its policy towards that country. This is a fact that Pakistan cannot be at peace while there is unrest in Afghanistan. So what New Delhi has to do is to keep the vigil up as there is no doubt that the developments in Afghanistan may have some impact in India also especially in Jammu and Kashmir which is a favourite place for Islamic militants.