Roadmap to bring advanced technology to common man

Vijay Garg

Generative Artificial Intelligence (GenAI) is creating curiosity all over the world. Chat GPT is an example of this. It’s amazing ability to create conversations, art and videos has taken it to 100 million users in just two months. The power of GenAI are technologies like Large Language Models (LLM) and Transformers, which are amazing, but also as disruptive as the Internet or smart phones. Google CEO Sundar Pichai and AIIf compared to fire, Microsoft’s Satya Nadella calls it a harbinger of change. Goldman Sachs believes that GenAI will add an additional $7 trillion annually to global GDP over the next decade. However, fears like employment crisis or decline in individual capabilities dampen this enthusiasm. There is also a fear that AI super intelligence may become a threat to us. Most of the experiments related to AI are taking place in America and China, and both have different world views., While big tech companies in the US are taking a leadership role, in China companies are working with the government and building their own GenAI models with information and security measures. Other big countries are also working in this direction, but their scope is limited. For example, the European Union is pushing for regulations to make it ethical and responsible, while Britain wants to take the lead in AI governance. Amidst all this, India seems to have been left behind. However, here also its own large language model(LLM) is in full swing, but Open AI CEO Sam Altman has openly discouraged it. There is no doubt that our government and industry can create our own LLM, but it is more important to consider its purpose. The question is asked whether India should adopt the Western capitalist system or the Chinese government controlled system? But we believe that there is a third way, which India has shown to the world in recent years. We should make GenAI a digital product that I am fit for man’s use. We can call it ‘GenAI’. The basis of this thinking is the success of Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI). We have India Stack, which is truly an integrated software platform designed to bring Indians into the digital age. With its help, many achievements have been achieved like providing digital biometric identity with Aadhaar to 1.4 billion Indians, creating UPI for payments, running the world’s largest vaccination campaign. It encouraged inclusive social development across the country. The stack is now even going global, and many countries like Singapore, France, UAE are showing eagerness to use it. GenAI also needs to be as broad as the stack. If India wants, it can create Bharat LLM, which will be equipped with data from India Stack and will be efficient in solving region-specific problems by keeping good coordination with Indian languages. This can be possible only with the mutual partnership of the government, the world’s leading IT companies and some leading technical institutions like IITs.

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